Integrated Environmental Strategies (IES) is a process to evaluate the environmental and health benefits related to policies and programs about transport, energy and energy efficiency.
The IES process is a valuable tool which several local and national governments have used to visualize, prioritize and implement projects or policies. The IES provides a framework for assessing multiple benefits in terms of reducing emissions of criteria pollutants and/or greenhouse gases and the associated impacts on air quality, public health and the economy.
As shown in the diagram, the IES approach provides a set of ordered steps or stages. It brings together both technical and institutional elements, as well as the participation of authorities and stakeholders. All these actors are necessary for making decisions and fostering social support to implement the prioritized measures. In the same way, the IES contributes to the improvement of local technical capabilities and the improvement of the administration and planning processes.
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, Mexico, Philippines and South Korea have been using the IES approach with promising results.
In August 2011, the Clean Air Institute, the Andes University and the Mayor’s Office from Bogota completed the project “Implementation of the IES approach in Bogotá’s Integrated Public Transport System (SITP)” with the assistance of financing from the Inter-American Development Bank and technical assistance from the Environmental Protection Agency form the United States.
Moreover, the Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Program in Latin America (STAQ) plans to apply the experience and results from the IES process to complement the recommendations for the development of a methodology and integral evaluation of the sustainable transport programs, policies and projects.